Forums are one of the most powerful and versatile activities in CC. A well-run forum can stimulate a thoughtful exchange of ideas, motivate students to be involved, give the shy students a voice or act as a team workspace. In online courses, the forums may be the primary method by which you, the Instructor, build that sense of community which is so crucial to retention. Forums can be set up with groups, forum posts can be graded, and students can submit attachments to forum posts and replies. If students are put into individual groups and the group mode is used for the forum, each student will have a forum that can be used as a journal, viewable only by you. See Using Forums, for a description of the 5 forum types, when to use each, the different ways to use forums and how to write effective forum questions..