Active learning includes any classroom instructional method that requires students to participate in meaningful learning activities, apply the core concepts and engage with the course content and their fellow students in pursuit of a learning goal. The key elements are student activity and engagement in the learning process. While there are many different active learning techniques, most fall under one of these broad categories: collaborative learning, cooperative learning or problem-based learning.
In the past few years the idea of the "Flipped Classroom" has made its way from K-12 to Higher Education. "Flipping the classroom" is a pedagogical concept that moves the lecture out of the classroom to pre-class preparation, and uses valuable classroom time for active learning.
Instructors videotape their lectures or use open-source resources to provide the lecture content. Students can complete the required preparation at their own pace and at a time that works best for them. During class, the instructors function as facilitators, coaching, advising, answering questions and addressing misconceptions in real time. Students and Instructors spend more time interacting, and most "flipped teachers" think this is the most important reason students do so well in a flipped model.
A growing number of higher ed institutions are investigating its use, although the research is just emerging in the peer-reviewed journals. There is however, a large body of documented research into the two components of the flipped classroom, the use of lecture capture/video and active learning. See for yourself what the literature has to say about these pedagogies, and how they have been implemented in different disciplines.
- Improved Learning in a Large-Enrollment Physics Class
- Inverting the Classroom: A Gateway to Creating an Inclusive Learning Environment
- Shaping the future of math curriculum through adaptive technology
- Space matters: The impact of formal learning environments on student learning
- Using the Inverted Classroom to Teach Software Engineering
- Flipped Classroom: Some Additional Resources and References
- 6 Expert Tips for Flipping the Classroom
Active Learning Research
- Interactive-engagement versus traditional methods: A six-thousand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses
- Peer Instruction: Ten years of experience and results
- Active Learning:Creating Excitement in the Classroom
- Does Active Learning Work? A Review of the Research
- Flip the classroom and catalyze the learning
- Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes
Active Learning Techniques
- Active Learning Techniques
- ConcepTest Sources
- Choosing or Writing Good Cases
- The Essential Elements of Team-Based Learning