Constitution and Bylaws of the University Policy

Definition:
Authority:
Scope:
Responsible Division:Academic Affairs
Approval Date:03/23/2000
Implementation Date:03/23/2000
Originally Implemented:03/23/2000


Procedure

PREAMBLE

This Constitution and Bylaws establishes the basis upon which effective participation and deliberation shall take place in formulating, evaluating, and recommending policy by which the University shall be governed. It is intended to provide the governance structure of the University Faculty based on a philosophy of shared responsibility for University leadership, to facilitate coordination and cooperation between and among the several parts of the University organization, and to provide means of expression on matters of academic concern by the University Faculty.  

Article 1: Names

The name of the representative body within the Faculty shall be the Academic Senate of California State University, San Marcos, hereinafter referred to as the Academic Senate or the Senate.  

Article 2: Purpose

The purpose of the Faculty shall be to perform functions assigned to it by law, by the Board of Trustees of the California State University, and by the President of the University; to formulate, evaluate, and recommend to the President of the University policies and procedures pertaining to the development, maintenance, and improvement of the University program; and to serve as a forum for expressing the opinions of faculty members on matters affecting the operations of the University. Generally, the Academic Senate will act as the representative body of the Faculty in order to discharge these duties.  

Article 3: Faculty Membership

Voting members of the Faculty shall consist of tenured and tenure-track persons holding faculty rank, library faculty, counselor faculty, and full-time lecturers holding at least one-year appointments in academic departments.1 Faculty on leave shall be considered to be voting members.   Persons with substantial managerial and supervisory responsibilities which involve faculty and academic programs are excluded from membership. Persons holding MPP appointments are excluded.2 Persons with work assignments that are substantially similar to the duties and responsibilities of persons holding MPP appointments are excluded.3,4,5 Faculty with the voting franchise shall be called eligible faculty.  

Article 4: Faculty Meetings

The Faculty shall meet twice a year in regularly scheduled meetings. Special meetings of the faculty shall be called at the request of the President of the University, at the request of the Executive Committee, or at the request of ten percent of the members of the eligible faculty by written petition. The Chair of the Academic Senate shall preside at such meetings.  

Article 4.1: Quorum

One half of the members of the eligible faculty shall constitute a quorum.  

Article 4.2: Agenda and Notice

All members of the Faculty will be provided with an agenda for regular meetings of the Faculty at least two academic days prior to the meeting.

Article 5: The Academic Senate

The Academic Senate is the official representative body of the Faculty.  

Article 5.1: Senate Membership

Voting members of the Senate shall consist of those members of the Faculty and the single lecturer faculty representative who have been duly elected or appointed to the Senate according to this Constitution and Bylaws of the University Faculty and the Academic Senate, the CSUSM representatives to the Academic Senate of the California State University, the Associated Students Incorporated representative, together with the Chairs of the Academic Planning and Policy Committee, Budget and Long-Range Planning Committee, Faculty Affairs Committee, General Education Committee, Library and Academic Computing Advisory Committee, Nominations, Elections, Appointments and Constitution Committee, and Student Affairs Committee if they were not otherwise elected to a Senate seat.  

Article 5.1.1: Representative Proportion of Membership

The Senate shall be representative of the full-time faculty in proportion to the number of full-time eligible faculty in each College/Library/Student Services Professionals - Academic Related. The number of seats for each College/Library/SSP-AR will be that unit's proportion of the total eligible faculty (not including lecturers), multiplied by 50. Fractional seats will be rounded up if they are .5000 or greater and rounded down otherwise, except that each unit will be guaranteed a minimum of one seat.  

Article 5.1.2: Terms of Membership

Senate terms of office run concurrently with the academic year. Senators shall serve staggered two year terms.  

Article 5.1.3: Ex-Officio Membership

Ex-officio, non-voting members of the Senate shall be the President of the University, the Vice-President for Academic Affairs, the Executive Vice-President, all Deans, the CSU, San Marcos CFA President, a representative from the staff, and others approved by the Senate.   The most immediately available past Chair of the CSU, San Marcos Academic Senate shall hold ex-officio, non-voting membership in the Senate, if not already a member of the Senate.  

Article 5.1.4: Participation of Ex-Officio Members

Ex-officio, non-voting members, unless otherwise noted, shall be extended the right to participate in debate, but may not introduce motions or vote.  

Article 5.2: Election Procedures

The Senate Nominations, Elections, Appointments, and Constitution Committee shall solicit nominations and prepare a ballot of nominees for the Academic Senate from each of the Colleges, the Library, and from among the eligible counselor faculty (hereinafter referred to as units). The ballot shall specify the number of senators that the unit shall elect according to the proportioning rule. Whenever possible, the number of nominees should be adequate to provide voters with a choice. A sample ballot shall be published at least two weeks before the date of election. Faculty may directly nominate candidates by petition submitted at least one week before the date of election. Such petitions shall be signed by ten percent of the eligible faculty in the unit of the nominee, except in the case of at-large positions, which shall be signed by ten percent of the total eligible faculty.  

Article 5.2.1: Election Recall

Any Faculty Senator, Statewide Academic Senator or Faculty Senate Standing, Special, or Ad Hoc committee member shall be subjected to recall by a petition to the Executive Committee of the Senate signed by 20 percent of the eligible faculty in the unit that elected the person. The recall may be initiated by any eligible faculty member. The initiator of the recall must write a petition explaining the reason(s) for the proposed recall, obtain signatures of at least 20 percent of the eligible faculty from the unit that elected the person, and then present the petition to the Executive Committee. Upon receipt of such a petition and verification of the signatures on it, the Executive Committee shall direct the Nominations, Elections, Appointments and Constitution Committee (NEAC) to conduct a recall election. Recalls become effective when they have received a favorable vote of at least two-thirds of the eligible faculty who voted provided more than one-half of the eligible faculty voted in the recall. The vacancy thus created shall be filled under the election procedure set forth in the previous paragraph within thirty calendar days of the removal.  

Article 5.3: Senate Officers

The Officers of the Senate shall consist of a Chair, Vice Chair, and Secretary. The Senate shall elect the Chair, Vice-Chair and Secretary for the following year at the third to last Senate meeting from the extant Senate membership. The Vice-Chair shall serve as Chair-elect for the following academic year. The duly elected officers of the Senate shall be voting members of the Senate.  

Article 5.4: Senate Meetings

The Senate shall meet at least four times each regular academic semester. The Chair of the Senate may call special meetings of the Senate upon two days notice.  

Article 5.4.1: Quorum

More than half of the number of members of the Senate membership constitutes a quorum.  

Article 5.4.2: Agenda and Notice

All members of the Faculty will be provided with an agenda for regular meetings of the Senate at least two academic days prior to the meeting. All senators shall receive supporting documentation for agenda items at least two academic days prior to the meeting. The Senate may waive the two day notice requirement for specific items upon a two-thirds vote of those present at the meeting.  

Article 5.4.3: Parliamentarian

The Senate shall name a Parliamentarian at its first meeting of the academic year.  

Article 6: Standing Committees of the Senate

The Academic Senate shall have the following Standing Committees:

  1. Executive Committee (EC)
  2. Academic Planning and Policy Committee (APP)
  3. Budget and Long-range Planning Committee (BLP)
  4. Faculty Affairs Committee (FAC)
  5. General Education Committee (GEC))
  6. Library and Academic Computing Advisory Committee (LACAC)
  7. Nominations, Elections, Appointments, and Constitution Committee (NEAC)
  8. Program Assessment Committee (PAC)
  9. Retention, Tenure and Promotion Committee (RTP)
  10. Student Affairs Committee (SAC)   Article 6.1: Standing Committee Membership


Faculty voting members and Chairs of the Standing Committees of the Senate will be drawn from the Faculty eligible for the Senate according to this Constitution and Bylaws of the University Faculty and Academic Senate. Faculty Committee members shall serve staggered two-year terms and the student member shall serve a one-year term, except the Executive Committee, which draws its membership from chairs of the standing committees.

Article 6.2: Other Committees

In addition to the regular Standing Committees, the Academic Senate may create ad hoc or special committees for specific purposes.  

Article 6.3 Annual Reports

Each Standing Committee is required to submit an annual report to the Senate at the last Senate meeting of the academic year.  

Article 6.4: Executive Committee (EC)

Voting members of the Executive Committee shall be composed of the Chair of the Senate, who will serve as Chair of the Executive Committee, the Vice-Chair and the Secretary of the Senate, one of the CSU, San Marcos representatives to the Academic Senate of the California State University, and the Chairs of the Academic Policy and Planning Committee, Budget and Long-Range Planning Committee, Faculty Affairs Committee, General Education Committee, Library and Academic Computing Advisory Committee, Nominations, Elections, Appointments and Constitution Committee, and Student Affairs Committee. Each College and the Library will be guaranteed at least one voting Executive Committee seat. The unit will elect its Executive Committee representative from among the Senators in the unit. The President and the Vice-President for Academic Affairs of the University shall sit as ex-officio, non-voting members. The President, or the President's designee, of the CSU, San Marcos chapter of the California Faculty Association shall serve as a liaison to the Executive Committee and as an ex-officio, non-voting member of said committee.  

Article 6.4.1: Executive Committee Duties

The Executive Committee shall set the agenda of the Senate, refer tasks to committees, coordinate work of the Academic Senate and Senate Committees, and prepare monthly reports of Senate activities. If necessary, the Executive Committee may formulate policies and act for the Senate when the Senate is not in session.  

Article 6.4.2: Senate Review of Executive Committee Actions

Policy actions and other recommendations made by the Executive Committee in the name of the Senate when the Senate is not in session shall be brought to the next Senate meeting for review and approval.  

Article 6.5: Academic Planning and Policy Committee (APP)

The Academic Planning and Policy Committee shall consist of seven members drawn from the eligible faculty. The eligible faculty in each college/library shall elect a representative from the eligible faculty of that college/library to serve as a member of the Academic Planning and Policy Committee. Additional faculty members of Academic Planning and Policy shall be elected at-large by the eligible faculty. The membership of the Academic Planning and Policy Committee shall also include as non-voting members the Director of Curriculum, the Director of Admissions and Records of the University, and the Chair of the University General Education Committee or designee. One student representative appointed by the student government shall also be a non-voting member of this committee. The Chair of the Academic Planning and Policy Committee shall be elected by the voting members of the committee from among the voting members of the committee. Faculty committee members shall serve staggered two year terms.  

Article 6.5.1: Academic Planning and Policy Committee Duties

The Academic Planning and Policy Committee shall have general oversight of all issues related to curriculum. It shall implement and review all graduation requirements, not specifically delegated to the General Education Committee, and review articulation agreements with community colleges for these requirements. The committee shall review curricular proposals or new programs; review and recommend changes in curriculum and curricular policies; and make recommendations on issues of academic standards, teacher preparation programs, accreditation, educational programs, majors, minors, and degree programs. The committee shall establish and review policy for and evaluate off-campus study and international programs, issues related to academic computing, the library, and research. In pursuit of these duties the committee may create ad hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.6: Budget and Long-Range Planning Committee (BLP)

The Budget and Long-Range Planning Committee shall consist of five faculty members drawn from the eligible faculty. The eligible faculty of each College/Library shall elect a representative from the eligible faculty of that College/Library to serve as a member of the committee. The eligible faculty shall elect at-large one additional faculty member. The Deans of the Colleges, represented by one of their number, the Vice-President of Academic Affairs, and one student member appointed by the Associated Students Incorporated shall be non-voting members of the committee. The committee, as a whole, shall elect the Chair of the committee from the faculty members of the committee.  

Article 6.6.1: Budget and Long-Range Planning Committee Duties

The Budget and Long-Range Planning Committee shall serve as the deliberative body of the faculty on budget and resource use for annual and long-range planning issues. It shall participate in and provide recommendation for the construction of Academic Affairs' budget request. The committee shall, in its long-range planning capacity, participate in strategic planning and the review of the University Academic Master Plan; make recommendations on resources for academic programs, facilities and their use; and make recommendations on allocations of faculty positions, lecturers, and space utilization. In pursuit of these duties, the committee may create ad hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.7: Faculty Affairs Committee (FAC)

The Faculty Affairs Committee shall consist of seven members drawn from the eligible faculty. The eligible faculty in each college/library shall elect a representative from the eligible faculty of that college/library to serve as a member of the Faculty Affairs Committee. Additional faculty members of the Faculty Affairs Committee shall be elected at-large by the eligible faculty. The membership of the Faculty Affairs Committee shall also include as non-voting members: the Vice President for Academic Affairs, or the Assistant Vice President for Academic Affairs, and a representative from the San Marcos Chapter of the California Faculty Association (CFA) elected by the membership of CFA. The Chair of the Faculty Affairs Committee shall be elected by the committee as a whole from among the voting faculty representatives on the Faculty Affairs Committee. Voting committee members shall serve staggered two year terms.  

Article 6.7.1: Faculty Affairs Committee Duties

The Faculty Affairs Committee shall have general oversight of personnel policies and procedures including those of reappointment, tenure, and promotion. The committee shall maintain and recommend changes in the Faculty Handbook and shall prepare the annual calendar of dates for reappointment, tenure, and promotion. The Faculty Affairs Committee shall propose procedures and policies for affirmative action, retirement, leaves of absence, and sabbatical or special leaves. The Faculty Affairs Committee shall propose policy and recommend or grant faculty awards, professional development programs or grants, research issues and grants, and campus support for professional travel and membership in professional associations. The committee will propose policy and provide procedures for resolution of faculty grievances and disciplinary issues, and issues of academic freedom or teaching load. The committee will consult with the California Faculty Association as appropriate and will consult with the appropriate bodies on administrative appointments. In pursuit of these duties, the committee may create ad hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.8: General Education Committee (GEC)

The General Education Committee shall consist of up to seventeen members: nine voting members from the faculty and up to eight ex-officio, non-voting members. The nine faculty members shall be elected from the eligible faculty by the eligible faculty as follows: two faculty members each from the divisions of Mathematics & Sciences, Arts & Humanities, and Social Sciences in the College of Arts and Sciences (from two separate disciplines in each division) and one faculty member each from the College of Business Administration, the College of Education, and the Library. The committee shall also include as non-voting, ex-officio members the General Education Program Director, the Dean of Student Services or designee, the Director of Curriculum Services or designee, and the Director of Enrollment Services or designee. Four student representatives shall sit as non-voting members of the committee, one from each academic college and one student member at-large. The Chair of the General Education Committee shall be elected from among the voting members of the committee by the voting members of the committee. Faculty members shall serve two year staggered terms. Student members shall serve one year terms.  

Article 6.8.1: General Education Committee Duties

The General Education Committee has general oversight of all issues related to the General Education program and the following specific graduation requirements: the U.S. History, Constitution and American Ideals Requirement, the Language Other Than English Requirement, and the Computer Competency Requirement. The committee makes appropriate recommendations regarding the operation of the General Education program and fulfillment of the graduation requirements specified above. In compliance with State mandates, the committee shall be responsible for reviewing, approving, and evaluating all new and existing lower and upper-division courses used to meet the General Education and specified graduation requirements; make recommendations on academic and student policies impacting the General Education program and the specified graduation requirements; establish and provide for periodic internal and external reviews of General Education policies and practices in a manner comparable to those of major programs; review articulation agreements with community colleges for courses satisfying General Education and the specified graduation requirements; provide information to the Vice President for Academic Affairs regarding the General Education program and the specified graduation requirements; and be a resource for academic advising to ensure student fulfillment of General Education and the specified graduation requirements. In pursuit of these duties the committee may create ad-hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.9: Library and Computing Advisory Committee (LACAC)

The Library and Academic Computing Advisory Committee shall consist of nine voting members: five drawn from eligible faculty; three drawn from the staff, one to be from the Library staff and one to be from Computing and Telecommunications staff; and one student. The eligible faculty in each College/Library shall elect representatives from the eligible faculty of their College/Library to serve on the committee as follows: two representatives from the College of Arts and Sciences, and one representative from each of the other Colleges/Library. The Library staff shall select the Library staff member, the Computing and Telecommunications staff shall select the Computing and Telecommunications staff member, and the Academic Affairs staff shall select the final staff member, and the Associated Students Incorporated shall select two student members. The committee shall include as ex-officio, non-voting members the Dean of Library and Information Services and the Dean of Instructional and Information Technology. The voting members of the committee shall elect the Chair of the committee from among the faculty members of the committee.  

Article 6.9.1: Library and Academic Computing Advisory Committee Duties

The committee shall be charged with advising, as necessary, the Dean of Library & Information Services and the Dean of Instructional & Information Technology on matters related to the Library and to Academic Computing. The committee will inform the University Community about library and academic computing policies and financial standing, library collections, academic computing equipment and software, and media issues. The committee will also serve as a channel of communication for expressing faculty, staff, and student needs and expectations to the library and computing administrations. In pursuit of these duties the committee may create ad-hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.10: Nominations, Elections, Appointments and Constitution Committee (NEAC)

The Nominations, Elections, Appointments and Constitution Committee shall consist of six voting members drawn from the eligible faculty. The eligible faculty in each College/Library shall elect one representative from each College/Library, with the eligible faculty to elect at-large the additional two faculty members. The committee shall elect its chair from among its members.  

Article 6.10.1: Nominations, Elections, Appointments, and Constitution Committee Duties

The Nominations, Elections, Appointments, and Constitution Committee shall solicit nominations, prepare slates, and conduct elections for all elected Senate offices, Standing Committees, and Statewide Academic Senate representatives, make nominations to the Senate for committee appointments, recommend ways to improve committee operations and the formation or disbandment of committees, review and suggest amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws. In pursuit of these duties, the committee may create ad-hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.11: Retention, Tenure, and Promotion Committee (RTP)

The Retention, Tenure, and Promotion Committee shall consist of six tenured full professors and one tenured full librarian drawn from the eligible faculty. One member shall be elected from the eligible tenured faculty by the eligible faculty in each of the divisions of Mathematics & Sciences, Arts & Humanities, and Social Sciences in the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Business Administration, the College of Education, and the Library. The eligible faculty shall elect at-large the additional tenured faculty member. The committee shall elect its chair from among its members.  

Article 6.11.1: Retention, Tenure, and Promotion Committee Duties

The committee shall be charged with implementing the review procedures for promotion and tenure outlined in the Faculty Handbook and Memorandum of Understanding and to make recommendations to the Vice President for Academic Affairs on retention, tenure, and promotion.  

Article 6.12: Student Affairs Committee (SAC)

The Student Affairs Committee shall consist of five members drawn from the eligible faculty. The eligible faculty in each College/Library shall elect a representative from the eligible faculty of the College/Library to serve as a member of the committee. The eligible faculty shall elect one additional faculty member at-large from among the eligible faculty. The committee shall include as ex-officio, non-voting members the Vice President for Student Affairs or a designee and two student members appointed by the Associated Students Incorporated. The committee, as a whole, shall elect the Chair of the committee from among the faculty members of the committee.  

Article 6.12.1: Student Affairs Committee Duties

The Student Affairs Committee shall provide advice and recommend policy on all student issues including but not limited to policies and procedures of academic environments, student government, student diversity, student organizations or activities, athletics, student discipline and welfare, student research competition and matters concerning admissions, retention and advising. SAC may create ad hoc subcommittees in pursuit of these duties. In pursuit of these duties the committee may create ad hoc subcommittees.  

Article 6.13: Program Assessment Committee (PAC)

The Program Assessment Committee shall consist of five voting members drawn from the eligible faculty. The eligible faculty in each College/Library shall elect one representative from each College/Library, with the eligible faculty to elect at-large the additional faculty member. The committee shall include as a non-voting member a delegate of the Vice President for Academic Affairs, to be appointed by the Vice President for Academic Affairs. The voting members of the committee shall elect the Chair of the committee from among the faculty members of the committee. Faculty members shall serve staggered two-year terms.  

Article 6.13.1: Program Assessment Committee Duties

The Program Assessment Committee shall have general oversight of all issues related to the processes of program evaluation and planning (PEP), as outlined in the PEP policy document. The committee shall also discharge those duties specifically assigned to it within the PEP policy document. These duties include, but are not limited to: advising programs undergoing PEP review with regard to the processes, objectives, and specific tasks associated with that review; serving as a liaison between the Senate, Academic Affairs, College/Library Deans, and the programs undergoing review; examining, reviewing, and reporting to the Senate with regard to the progress and outcomes of program self-assessment and planning processes, as conducted by programs undergoing PEP review; and making recommendations to the Senate regarding the outcomes of these review processes. In addition the committee shall make recommendations to the Senate regarding revisions and amendments to PEP policies and procedures. In pursuit of these duties the committee may create ad hoc subcommittees.  

Article 7: Parliamentary Authority and Rules

In all cases not provided for by other provisions, the most recent edition of Robert's Rules of Order, Newly Revised, shall govern the conduct of business of the Senate and its Standing Committees.  

Article 7.1: Voting

All decisions of the Faculty or the Academic Senate, their committees and subcommittees, shall be made by majority vote except where parliamentary procedure or the Constitution and the Bylaws specify otherwise.  

Article 8: Amendments of the Constitution and Bylaws

The Constitution may be amended according to the following procedure.  

Article 8.1: Initiation

Amendments to this Constitution and Bylaws can be initiated by a majority of the Academic Senate; by the Executive Committee of the Academic Senate; by the Nominations, Elections, Appointments and Constitution Committee (NEAC); by a petition to NEAC signed by at least twenty percent of the members of the eligible faculty; or by the President.  

Article 8.2: Notice

The Secretary of the Senate shall distribute copies of successfully initiated amendments to this Constitution and Bylaws to the eligible faculty at least ten academic days in advance of any referendum for approval.  

Article 8.3: Referendum

A secret, written referendum to consider approval of a successfully initiated amendment shall be conducted by NEAC within twenty academic days after successful initiation.  

Article 8.4: Adoption of Amendments

An amendment to this Constitution and Bylaws shall become effective when it has received a favorable vote of at least two-thirds of the eligible faculty who voted in a secret, written referendum conducted by NEAC, provided more than one-half of the eligible faculty voted in such a referendum.  

Article 9: Implementation of the Constitution

The Constitution and Bylaws shall take effect upon ratification by an absolute majority of the eligible faculty in 1995-96.  

Endnotes

1. Disputes shall be resolved by the Executive Committee of the Academic Senate.2. MPP...addressing the employment rights, benefits, and conditions of the CSU employees designated as ´management´ or ´supervisory´ under the HEERA. The Calif. Code of Regulations, Title 5.Education.Division 5: Board of Trustees of CSU, Article 2.2: Management Personnel Plan uses definitions as specified in HEERA. Supervisory and managerial employee work assignments are described in HEERA.   3. HEERA California Codes, Government Code, Section 3580.3 "Supervisory employee...With respect to faculty or academic employees, any department chair, head of a similar academic unit or program, or other employee who performs the foregoing duties primarily in the interest of and on behalf of the members of the academic department, unit or program, shall not be deemed a supervisory employee solely because of such duties; ... Employees whose duties are substantially similar to those of their subordinates shall not be considered to be supervisory employees.   4. HEERA California Codes, Government Code, Section 3560-3562.1. Definitions: Section 3562 (1) - "managerial employee means any employee having significant responsibilities for formulating or administering policies and programs. No employee or group of employees shall be deemed to be managerial employees solely because the employee or group of employees participate in decisions with respect to courses, curriculum, personnel and other matters of educational policy. A department chair or head of a similar academic unit or program who performs the foregoing duties primarily on behalf of the members of the academic unit or program shall not be deemed a managerial employee solely because of those duties."   5. MOU 1995 contract, Article 20, Workload: Administrator as used in the MOU refers to an employee serving in a position designated as management or supervisory in accordance with HEERA. The MOU provides further definitions of faculty.   "The primary professional responsibilities of instructional faculty members are: teaching, research, scholarship, creative activity; and service to the university, profession and to the community. The performance of instructional responsibilities extends beyond duties in the classroom and includes such activities as: preparation for class, evaluation of student performance, syllabus preparation and revision, and review of current literature and research in the subject area, including instructional methodology. Research, scholarship and creative activity in the faculty member´s field of expertise are essential to effective teaching. Mentoring students and colleagues is another responsibility that faculty members are frequently expected to perform.   The assignment of a librarian may include, but shall not be limited to, library services, reference services, circulation services, technical services, online reference services, teaching in library subject matter, service on system-wide and campus committees and task forces and activities that foster professional growth, including creative activity and research.   The assignment of Counselor faculty may include, but shall not be limited to, individual counseling, group counseling, consultation and referral, intern training and supervision, teaching, service on system-wide and campus committees and task forces and activities that foster professional growth, including creative activity and research.   Faculty members have additional professional responsibilities such as: advising students, participation in campus and system-wide committees, maintaining office hours, working collaboratively and productively with colleagues, and participation in traditional academic functions."