Designing a Syllabus
It is almost impossible to understate the importance of the syllabus in the college
classroom. While those who have taught and seen student fold it up on the first day
and never to look at it again might disagree, it is fundamental to the success of
your course. Much like writing a resume there are basics mistakes that can cause the
syllabi to not succeed, yet there are also many different ways to deliver a fully
formed and engaging syllabus. The syllabus serves several purposes at once. It provides
student with basic information they will need for the class, it is a contract between
the instructor and students in terms of policies and expectations, and it can be a
document that communicates the overall personality of the course.
Below you will find a good overview from the Cornell Center of Teaching Excellence
as well as some links to help develop a strong course syllabus.
Source: Cornell Center for Teaching Excellence
How to set the tone for the course
- Provide course information such as course number, location and time, prerequisites,
and other requirements.
- Share your teaching philosophy.
- Announce office hours and location.
- Share some information about yourself, such as your educational and professional background.
- Describe how the course relates to the program, discipline, or field.
- Provide information about campus services that can aid students with their studies.
- Reflect on the overall tone of your writing: is it encouraging or punitive?
How to communicate what, when, and how students will learn
- Articulate course learning outcomes.
- List major topics your course will cover.
- Provide a list of reading materials (briefly annotated).
- List textbooks and other course materials and where to find them.
- List all graded course requirements such as assignments, exams, attendance, participation,
- Provide a detailed schedule, weekly or daily. Include what will be covered, assignment
and test dates, learning activities such as group work or presentations, guest speakers,
field trips, library information sessions, etc.
- Consider using a graphic syllabus to supplement your syllabus. A graphic syllabus
is a “flowchart, graphic organizer, or diagram of the sequencing and organization
of your course’s major topics through the term. It may also note the calendar schedule
of the topics, the major activities and assignments, and the tests” (Nilson, 2010,
How to communicate what students need to do in order to succeed in the course
- Next to learning outcomes, list what you believe students need to do in order to be
successful (how many hours per week they should dedicate, class attendance and participation,
etc.). Note that students may vary in their learning and that achieving course goals
requires work on the students' part.
- Provide detailed information on how graded assignments or activities will be evaluated.
How to communicate expectations in terms of student responsibilities
- Next to learning outcomes, add a disclaimer stating that students may vary in their
learning and that attaining competencies requires work on the student’s part.
- Establish ground rules for classroom interactions. Ask for student input and make
adjustments to your original list of expectations.
- Make clear any course policies you may have on attendance, tardiness, missed or late
exams or assignments, personal use of technology, and safety procedures in laboratories.
How to deter misunderstandings about course policies
- Articulate institutional, departmental or course policies on academic integrity, students
with disabilities, and diversity.
- Detail examples of what constitutes violations of your policies and provide specific
information on the consequences.
- Note that any of the course activities listed in your syllabus may be subject to change
under certain circumstances such as by mutual agreement or to enhance student learning.
How can you motivate students to refer to the syllabus?
- Introduce the syllabus in class as a learning activity. Ask students to quiz each
other, or conduct a jigsaw activity:
- Break the syllabus up into different sections.
- Divide students into different groups.
- Give each group a different section of the syllabus for review (expert groups).
- Re-form groups so that each group includes a member from each of the previous expert
- Have the experts teach their section of the syllabus to their new groups.
- Be strategic in where you place the syllabus. You can include it in the student course
pack, or on a course website.
- If students ask questions that the syllabus answers, ask a student who has the course
syllabus to find the answer on the spot.
- Ask students to contribute to the syllabus. Have them review it in class and make
suggestions for changes.
- How can you motivate students to refer to the syllabus?
Syllabus Design Tips from Sheriden Center for Teaching and Learning
Syllabus Best Practices from Iowa State Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning