department menu

Confidentiality - Know Your Options

We encourage victims of Sexual Violence, Dating Violence, Domestic Violence, and Stalking (collectively Sexual Violence) to talk to someone about what happened – so you can get the support you need, and so the University can respond appropriately.   Whether – and the extent to which – a University employee may agree to maintain confidentiality (and not disclose information to the Title IX Coordinator) depends on the employee’s position and responsibilities at the University. This information is intended to make you aware of the various reporting and confidential disclosure options available to you – so you can make informed choices about where to turn for help.  The University encourages victims to talk to someone identified in one or more of these groups.

As explained below, some employees are required by law to maintain near complete confidentiality; talking to them is sometimes called a “privileged communication.” Other employees may talk to a victim in confidence, and generally only report to the University that an incident occurred without revealing any personally identifying information. Finally, some employees are required to report all details of an incident (including the identities of both the victim and alleged perpetrator) to the Title IX Coordinator.  A report to these employees constitutes a report to the University, and generally creates a legal obligation for the University to investigate the incident and take appropriate steps to address the situation.

Privileged and Confidential Communications
Physicians, Psychotherapists, Professional Counselors and Clergy – Physicians, psychotherapists, professional, licensed counselors, and clergy who work or volunteer on or off campus, and who provide medical or mental health treatment or counseling (including those who act in that role under their supervision) may not report any information about an incident of Sexual Violence to anyone else at the University, including the Title IX Coordinator, without your consent.  You can seek assistance and support from physicians, psychotherapists, professional, licensed counselors, and clergy without triggering a University investigation that could reveal your identity or the fact of your disclosure.  However, see limited exceptions below regarding when health care practitioners must report to local law enforcement agencies.  Health care practitioners should explain these limited exceptions to , if applicable.

Following is the contact information for professional counselors and physicians on campus:

Student Health and Counseling Services 
Address: 120 Craven Road
Phone: (760) 750-4915
Monday - Friday 8am to 4:45pm, Closed during campus closure days

Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Counselors and Advocates –  Sexual assault and domestic violence counselors and advocates who work or volunteer on or off campus in sexual assault centers, victim advocacy offices, women’s centers, and health centers (including all individuals who work or volunteer in these centers and offices, as well as non-professional counselors or advocates, and those who act in that role under their supervision) may talk to you without revealing any information about you or the incident of sexual violence to anyone else at the University, including the Title IX Coordinator, without your consent.  You can seek assistance and support from these counselors and advocates without triggering a University investigation that could reveal your identity or that you disclosed an incident to them.  However, see limited exceptions below regarding when sexual assault and domestic violence counselors and advocates must report to local law enforcement agencies. Counselors and advocates should explain these limited
exceptions to you, if applicable

Following is contact information for off campus sexual assault and domestic violence counselors and advocates:

Center for Community Solutions
Address: 240 S. Hickory St., Suite 110, Escondido, CA 92025
Phone: (888) 385-4657 (24 hour hotline)
Office Hours: 9-5 M-F, but advocates are available 24/7 by calling the crisis line.

If you speak only to a physician, professional counselor, clergy member, sexual assault counselor, domestic violence counselor or advocate, you must understand that the University will be unable to conduct an investigation into the particular incident or pursue disciplinary action against the perpetrator, if you choose to maintain confidentiality.

Even so, these individuals will still assist you in receiving other necessary protection and support, such as victim advocacy, disability, medical/health or mental health services, or legal services.  They may not, however, be able to assist you with University academic support or accommodations, or changes to University-based living or working schedules, or assist with adjustments to course schedules.  Only the University and the Title IX Coordinator can assist with those matters (see below).  A victim who at first requests confidentiality may later decide to file a complaint with the University or report the incident to the police, and thus have the incident fully investigated.  These counselors and advocates can provide you with that assistance if you wish.   These counselors and advocates will also explain that Title IX includes protections against retaliation, and that the University will not only take steps to prevent retaliation when it knows or reasonably should know of possible retaliation, but will also take strong responsive action if it occurs.

EXCEPTIONS:  Under California law, any health practitioner employed in a health facility, clinic, physician’s office, or local or state public health department or clinic is required to make a report to local law enforcement if he or she provides medical services for a physical condition to a patient/victim who he or she knows or reasonably suspects is suffering from (1) a wound or physical injury inflicted by a firearm; or (2) any wound or other physical injury inflicted upon a victim where the injury is the result of assaultive or abusive conduct (including Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, and Dating Violence). This exception does not apply to sexual assault and domestic violence counselors and advocates.  Health care practitioners should explain this limited exception to you, if applicable.

Additionally, under California law, all professionals described above (physicians, psychotherapists, professional counselors, clergy, and sexual assault and domestic violence
counselors and advocates) are mandatory child abuse and neglect reporters, and are required to report incidents involving victims under 18 years of age to local law enforcement. These professionals will explain this limited exception to you, if applicable.

Finally, some or all of these professionals may also have reporting obligations under California law to (1) local law enforcement in cases involving threats of immediate or imminent harm to self or others where disclosure of the information is necessary to prevent the threatened danger; or (2) the court if compelled by court order or subpoena in a criminal proceeding related to the Sexual Violence incident.  If applicable, these professionals will explain this limited exception to you.

Reporting to University or Local Police

If you report to local or University Police about Sexual Violence, the police are required to notify you that your name will become a matter of public record unless confidentiality is requested. If you request that your identity be kept confidential, your name will not become a matter of public record and the police will not report your identity to anyone else at the University, including the Title IX Coordinator.  University Police will, however, report the facts of the incident itself to the Title IX Coordinator being sure not to reveal to the Title IX Coordinator your name/identity, or compromise their own criminal investigation.

The University is required by the federal Clery Act to report certain types of crimes (including certain sex offenses) in statistical reports.  However, while the University will report the type of incident in the annual crime statistics report known as the Annual Security Report, your name/identity will not be revealed.

Reporting to the Title IX Coordinator and Other University Employees

Most University employees have a duty to report incidents of Sexual Violence when they are on notice of it.  When you tell the Title IX Coordinator or another University employee about a Sexual Violence incident, you have the right to expect the University to take immediate and appropriate steps to investigate what happened and to resolve the matter promptly and equitably. In all cases, the University strongly encourages victims to report Sexual Violence directly to the Title IX Coordinator.

As detailed above in the Privileged and Confidential Communications section, all University employees except physicians, licensed counselors, and sexual assault counselors and advocates, must report to the Title IX Coordinator all relevant details about any Sexual Violence incidents of which they become aware.  The University will need to determine what happened – and will need to know the names of the victim(s) and the perpetrator(s), any witnesses, and any other relevant facts, including the date, time and specific location of the incident.

To the extent possible, information reported to the Title IX Coordinator or other University employees will be shared only with individuals responsible for handling the University’s response to the incident.  The University will protect the privacy of individuals involved in a Sexual Violence incident except as otherwise required by law or University policy.  A Sexual Violence report may result in the gathering of extremely sensitive information about individuals in the campus community.  While such information is considered confidential, University policy regarding access to public records and disclosure of personal information may require disclosure of certain information concerning a report of Sexual Violence.  In such cases, efforts will be made to redact the records, as appropriate, in order to protect the victim’s identity and privacy and the privacy of other involved individuals.

The Title IX Coordinator can be reached at:

CSUSM Title IX Coordinator: Dr. Bridget Blanshan
Address: Craven 3600
Email bblansha@csusm.edu
Phone (760) 750-4056

CSUSM Deputy Title IX Coordinator for Athletics: Athletic Director Jennifer Milo
Address: Clarke Field House 106C
Email: jmilo@csusm.edu
Phone: (760) 750-7108

Monday - Friday 8am to 5pm, Closed during campus closure days

If you request of the Title IX Coordinator or another University employee that your identity remain completely confidential, the Title IX Coordinator will explain that the University cannot always honor that request and guarantee complete confidentiality.  If you wish to remain confidential or request that no investigation be conducted or disciplinary action taken, the University must weigh that request against the University’s obligation to provide a safe, non- discriminatory environment for all students, employees and third parties, including you.  Under those circumstances, the Title IX Coordinator will determine whether your request for complete confidentiality and/or no investigation can be honored under the facts and circumstances of the particular case, including whether the University has a legal obligation to report the incident, conduct an investigation or take other appropriate steps.  Without information about your identity, the University’s ability to meaningfully investigate the incident and pursue disciplinary action against the perpetrator may be
severely limited.

The Title IX Coordinator will inform you prior to starting an investigation and will, to the extent possible, only share information with people responsible for handling the University’s response. The Title IX Coordinator will remain mindful of your well-being, and will take ongoing steps to protect you from retaliation or harm, and work with you to create a safety plan.  Retaliation against you, whether by students, or employees, will not be tolerated.  The University and Title IX Coordinator will also:

  • Provide interim remedies requested by you, if they are reasonably available, regardless of whether you choose to report Sexual Violence to campus or local police;
  • Assist you in accessing other available victim advocacy, academic support, counseling, disability, medical/health or mental health services, and legal assistance both on and off campus;
  • Provide other security and support, which could include issuing a no-contact order, helping arrange a change of campus-based living or working arrangements or course schedules (including for the perpetrator pending the outcome of the investigation) or adjustments for assignments, tests, or work duties; and
  • Inform  you of your right to report a crime to University or local police – and provide you with assistance if you wish to do so.


The University will not require you to participate in any investigation or disciplinary proceeding if you do not wish to participate.

The University will not generally notify parents or legal guardians of your report of Sexual Violence unless you are under the age of 18 or you provide the University with written permission to do so.

Under California law, and pursuant to University policy, all University employees, including the Title IX Coordinator, are mandatory child abuse and neglect reporters and should explain to victims under 18 years of age that they are required to report the Sexual Violence incident to the police.18   However, the identity of the person who reports and the report itself are confidential and disclosed only among appropriate agencies.

Because the University is under a continuing legal obligation to address the issue of Sexual Violence campus-wide, reports of Sexual Violence (including non-identifying reports) may also prompt the University to consider broader remedial action – such as increased monitoring, supervision or security at locations where the reported incident occurred; increased education, training and prevention efforts, including to targeted population groups; conducting climate assessments/victimization surveys; and/or revision of policies and practices.

The Office of the Ombuds, if available on your specific campus, provides confidential, neutral and informal dispute resolution services, provides information about University policies and procedures, and makes referrals.  However, in Sexual Violence cases, California law mandates that the Ombuds as well as all other University employees (except for physicians, licensed counselors, sexual assault counselors and advocates as discussed in the Privileged and Confidential Communications section of this policy above) report Sexual Violence incidents to the Title IX Coordinator.

NOTE:  If the University determines that the perpetrator poses a serious and immediate threat to the campus community, a designated Campus Security Authority under the Clery Act may be called upon to issue a timely warning to the community.  Any such warning will not include any information that identifies the victim.

Campus, Civil, and Criminal Consequences of Committing Acts of Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, and Sexual Violence

Individuals alleged to have committed Sexual Violence may face criminal prosecution by law enforcement and may incur penalties as a result of civil litigation.  In addition, employees and students may face discipline/sanctions at the University.  Employees may face sanctions up to and including dismissal from employment, per established CSU policies and provisions of applicable collective bargaining agreements.  Students and employees charged with Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment or Sexual Violence will also be subject to discipline, pursuant University policies, and will be subject to appropriate sanctions.

In addition, during any investigation, the University may implement interim measures in order to maintain a safe and non-discriminatory educational and working environment. Such measures may include immediate interim suspension of the accused from the University, a required move from University-owned or affiliated housing, an adjustment to work or course schedule, or prohibition from contact with parties involved in the alleged incident.

Additional Resources

U.S. Department of Education, regional office
      Office for Civil Rights
      50 Beale Street, Suite 7200
      San Francisco, CA 94105 (415) 486-5555
      TDD (877) 521-2172

U.S. Department of Education, national office
      Office for Civil Rights
      (800) 872-5327

Know Your Rights about Title IX

California Coalition Against Sexual Assault
     1215 K. Street, Suite 1850
     Sacramento, CA 95814 (916) 446-2520

Domestic and Family Violence
National Institute of Justice: Intimate Partner Violence
National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-SAFE (7233)
Office of Violence against Women
Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Intimate Partner Violence
Defending Childhood
Center for Community Solutions
      240 S. Hickory St., Suite 110, Escondido, CA 92025
      (888) 385-4657 (24 hour hotline)
      Office Hours: 9-5 M-F, but advocates are available 24/7 by calling the crisis line.

Training, Education and Preventive Measures

Each campus must implement preventive education programs to promote the awareness of CSU policies against Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence (including Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking) and to make victim resources available, including comprehensive victim services.  Information regarding these programs must be included in (1) orientation programs for all new students and employees; (2) training for students who serve as advisors in residence halls; and (3) training for student athletes and coaches.  Ongoing prevention and awareness campaigns for all students and employees shall also be conducted.  These programs shall include the following information:

  • A statement that the CSU prohibits Sex Discrimination, including Sexual Harassment, Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking.
  • What constitutes Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking.
  • The definition of Consent.
  • A statement that Sexual Violence (including Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking) violate University policy and criminal law.
  • Common facts and myths about the causes of Sexual Violence.
  • Safe and positive options for bystander intervention that may be taken by an individual to prevent harm or intervene in risky situations involving these offenses.
  • Methods of encouraging peer support for victims.
  • A statement explaining that the University’s primary concern is the safety of members of the campus community; that the use of alcohol or drugs never makes the victim at fault for Sexual Violence; that students or employees who are victims should not be deterred from reporting incidents out of a concern that they might be disciplined for related violations of drug, alcohol, or other University policies; and that except in extreme circumstances, students or employees who are victims shall not be subject to discipline.
  • How to recognize warning signs of abusive behavior and how to avoid potential attacks.
  • What someone should do if s/he has been the victim of, or witness to, Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking.
  • Individuals to whom incidents may be reported.
  • The availability of, and contact information for, campus and community resources for Sexual Violence victims.
  • Campus and systemwide policies and disciplinary procedures available for addressing alleged violations and the consequences of violating these policies.  Such proceedings shall:
    • Provide a prompt, fair, and impartial investigation and resolution;
    • Be conducted by officials who receive annual training on issues related to Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking, and how to conduct an investigation and hearing process that protects the safety of victims and promotes accountability.
  • The accuser and the accused are entitled to the same opportunities to have others present during a disciplinary proceeding, including the opportunity to be accompanied to any related meeting or proceeding by the advisor of their choice.
  • Both the accuser and the accused shall be simultaneously informed in writing of:
    • The outcome of any disciplinary proceedings that arises from an allegation of Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking;
    • The University’s procedures for the accused to appeal the results of the disciplinary proceeding;
    • Any change to the disciplinary results that occurs prior to the time such results become final; and
    • When disciplinary results become final.
  • Possible sanctions or protective measures the University may impose following the final determination of a University disciplinary procedure regarding Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, or Stalking.
  • How the University will protect the confidentiality of victims, including how publicly-available record keeping (e.g., campus Clery reports) will be accomplished without the inclusion of identifying information about the victim, to the extent permissible by law.
  • That persons who report being a victim of Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, or Stalking must receive written notification about:
    • Existing counseling, health, mental health, victim advocacy, legal assistance, and other services available for victims, both on campus and in the community.
    • Options for, and available assistance in, changing academic, living, transportation, and working situations, if requested by the victim and if such accommodations are reasonably available, regardless of whether the victim chooses to report the crime to campus police or local law enforcement.
  • Procedures complainants should follow if Sexual Violence, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, and Stalking has occurred, as well as the fact that the following written information must be provided to victims:
    • The importance of preserving evidence as may be necessary to prove criminal Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Sexual Assault, or Stalking, or to obtain a temporary restraining or other protective order;
    • The name and contact information of the University employee(s) to whom the alleged offense shouldbe reported;
    • Reporting to law enforcement and campus authorities, including the victim’s option to (a) notify law enforcement authorities, including on-campus and local police; (b) be assisted by campus authorities in notifying law enforcement authorities if the victim so chooses; and (c) decline to notify such authorities;
    • Where applicable, the rights of victims and the University’s responsibilities regarding orders of protection, no contact orders, restraining orders, or similar lawful orders issued by a criminal, civil, or tribal court.