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Affirmative Consent

Affirmative Consent: means an informed, affirmative, conscious, verbal, voluntary, and mutual agreement engage in sexual activity.

  • Consent must be given without coercion, force, threats or intimidation. Lack of protest or resistance does not mean consent
  • Silence does not mean consent
  • Consent can be withdrawn or revoked at any time
  • Consent to one form of sexual activity does not mean consent to other forms of sexual activity
  • Prior sexual activity is not consent for future activity

Don’t make assumptions about consent. If an individual feels pressured or uncertain, is having difficulty communicating or is afraid of how a partner might react to a “NO“ response, it is not consent.

You Have The Right To:

  • Say “NO” and not feel pressured to engage in sexual activity
  • Feel safe
  • A relationship with someone who respects your emotional and physical wishes and boundaries
  • Be assertive and direct with someone who is sexually pressuring you
  • Change your mind, and if you are not sure what you want, to STOP and think about it
  • Be in a relationship free of violence and abuse
  • Speak with a sexual violence advocate for confidential support
  • File a Report with CSUSM’s Title IX Coordinator
  • Make a confidential police report, by requesting that you remain anonymous

When Should You Ask For Consent?

Before you engage in sexual activity! It is the responsibility of the person initiating a sex act to obtain clear, affirmative consent. Whenever you are unsure if consent has been given, you need to ask. Check-in with your partner.

Remember consent CANNOT be given if someone is:

  • Unconscious, unresponsive, asleep, or incapacitated by alcohol or drugs
  • Under the age of 18
  • Unable to communicate due to their mental or physical condition