This is the sixth lesson in the unit, No David! Introduction to the Rule of Law. Students will now use speaking and listening skills as they play the role of the jury.
Students will show their understanding of the analysis and application of the rule of law as evidenced through discussion as jury members.
|Goal||To use facts in the case and the rule of law and apply to the school law/rules to effectively determine the guilt or innocence of “David”.|
|Role||Jury members summoned to the Classroom Superior Court as jury members|
|Audience||The public, press, interested family members|
|Situation||David, as the defendant, has been accused of theft, a violation of the school rules. The prosecutor must prove that David took property owned by someone else with the intent to prove the owner of it permanently.|
|Performance||Jurors will listen to the testimony during the trial and the evidence presented. Following jury instructions given by the judge, they will determine the guilt or innocence of David, in writing, and orally through jury deliberations.|
|Standards for Success||Following classroom jury instructions, jurors must provide arguments backed up with evidence of David’s guilt or innocence. In addition, jurors must include one counter claim and discuss in jury deliberation, why it is or is not to be believed. Jurors must present their final verdict to the judge.|
|Quality Criteria||Absolutely||Almost||Not Yet
|Speaking and Listening:
(Enter with your black judge’s robe, or use a piece of black fabric wrapped around you and pinned)
Judge (teacher): “Members of the jury, you have heard all of the testimony concerning this case. It is now up to you to determine the facts. You, and you alone, are the judges of the facts. You will then have to apply the facts to the law as I give it to you.
The law in this case is:
To prove David is guilty, the people must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that:
If you find that David is guilty you must find in favor of the plaintiff/prosecution, People of the State (room K-1).
If you find that David is not guilty, you must find in favor of the defendant, David.
In order to reach a verdict, 12 out of 12 of you must agree.” (unless you decide on smaller groups for management reasons)
*** This following part is not completely authentic, but is used for purposes of this lesson.
Procedure: Stay in character as jury members. You will meet with eleven other jury members and discuss your opinions ~ as a jury you must make a final decision. This is a criminal case, so of you all must agree. As a juror, you may change your mind from the verdict you had decided on your written brief after listening to the the arguments presented by your fellow jurors.
Jurors pick a foreperson, whose job it is to facilitate the jury “deliberation” and assure that each juror has the opportunity to speak, give their verdict and at least one fact/detail to back up their opinion (discussed, not read from their written opinion, but referenced from). Jurors are encouraged to “add-on” to what has already been offered by other jurors as they take their turn to speak, ie: I agree (or disagree) with ______and would like to add________________.
In discussion, jurors draw conclusions and come to a final agreement on the verdict. If all jurors cannot agree on the same decision, it will be a “hung jury”.
Jurors complete the verdict form (PDF) for the judge and return to the courtroom.
Jury chairperson hands the verdict page to the judge.
The Judge (teacher) reads the results from each group of jurors to all jury groups.
Whole group discussion follows (delving to reach the essential questions):
Differentiation can be addressed in the assignment of the roles. Large and small group instruction and careful grouping assignments will be useful for ELL and also GATE students. Those who need assistance with speaking and listening can be pulled up for extra help…graphic organizers help to focus (Gathering the Facts Handout).
Students create their own mock trial after being given the scenario and conflict and supporting materials. Students play, We the Jury, icivics.com. Students complete a class book, using cartooning (David, or another character), showing positive behavior and the following of the rule of law as it applies to the school rules (lesson 7).