Key Ideas and Details
- Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences
from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions
drawn from the text.
- Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize
the key supporting details and ideas.
- Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course
of a text.
Craft and Structure
- Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical,
connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape
meaning or tone.
- Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and
larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to
each other and the whole.
- Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
- Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually
and quantitatively, as well as in words.*
- Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity
of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
- Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge
or to compare the approaches the authors take.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
- Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.